Lists for the Century & Millennium
The Modern Library's Top 100 Novels of the Century

A very fair and balanced List, with Joyce appearing no less than 3 times! (What, no Dubliners?)

1. "Ulysses," James Joyce

2. "The Great Gatsby," F. Scott Fitzgerald

3. "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man," James Joyce

4. "Lolita," Vladimir Nabokov

5. "Brave New World," Aldous Huxley

6. "The Sound and the Fury," William Faulkner

7. "Catch-22," Joseph Heller

8. "Darkness at Noon," Arthur Koestler

9. "Sons and Lovers," D. H. Lawrence

10. "The Grapes of Wrath," John Steinbeck

11. "Under the Volcano," Malcolm Lowry

12. "The Way of All Flesh," Samuel Butler

13. "1984," George Orwell

14. "I, Claudius," Robert Graves

15. "To the Lighthouse," Virginia Woolf

16. "An American Tragedy," Theodore Dreiser

17. "The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter," Carson McCullers

18. "Slaughterhouse Five," Kurt Vonnegut

19. "Invisible Man," Ralph Ellison

20. "Native Son," Richard Wright

21. "Henderson the Rain King," Saul Bellow

22. "Appointment in Samarra," John O' Hara

23. "U.S.A." (trilogy), John Dos Passos

24. "Winesburg, Ohio," Sherwood Anderson

25. "A Passage to India," E. M. Forster

26. "The Wings of the Dove," Henry James

27. "The Ambassadors," Henry James

28. "Tender Is the Night," F. Scott Fitzgerald

29. "The Studs Lonigan Trilogy," James T. Farrell

30. "The Good Soldier," Ford Madox Ford

31. "Animal Farm," George Orwell

32. "The Golden Bowl," Henry James

33. "Sister Carrie," Theodore Dreiser

34. "A Handful of Dust," Evelyn Waugh

35. "As I Lay Dying," William Faulkner

36. "All the King's Men," Robert Penn Warren

37. "The Bridge of San Luis Rey," Thornton Wilder

38. "Howards End," E. M. Forster

39. "Go Tell It on the Mountain," James Baldwin

40. "The Heart of the Matter," Graham Greene

41. "Lord of the Flies," William Golding

42. "Deliverance," James Dickey

43. "A Dance to the Music of Time" (series), Anthony Powell

44. "Point Counter Point," Aldous Huxley

45. "The Sun Also Rises," Ernest Hemingway

46. "The Secret Agent," Joseph Conrad

47. "Nostromo," Joseph Conrad

48. "The Rainbow," D. H. Lawrence

49. "Women in Love," D. H. Lawrence

50. "Tropic of Cancer," Henry Miller

51. "The Naked and the Dead," Norman Mailer

52. "Portnoy's Complaint," Philip Roth

53. "Pale Fire," Vladimir Nabokov

54. "Light in August," William Faulkner

55. "On the Road," Jack Kerouac

56. "The Maltese Falcon," Dashiell Hammett

57. "Parade's End," Ford Madox Ford

58. "The Age of Innocence," Edith Wharton

59. "Zuleika Dobson," Max Beerbohm

60. "The Moviegoer," Walker Percy

61. "Death Comes to the Archbishop," Willa Cather

62. "From Here to Eternity," James Jones

63. "The Wapshot Chronicles," John Cheever

64. "The Catcher in the Rye," J. D. Salinger

65. "A Clockwork Orange," Anthony Burgess

66. "Of Human Bondage," W. Somerset Maugham

67. "Heart of Darkness," Joseph Conrad

68. "Main Street," Sinclair Lewis

69. "The House of Mirth," Edith Wharton

70. "The Alexandria Quartet," Lawrence Durrell

71. "A High Wind in Jamaica," Richard Hughes

72. "A House for Ms. Biswas," V. S. Naipaul

73. "The Day of the Locust," Nathaniel West

74. "A Farewell to Arms," Ernest Hemingway

75. "Scoop," Evelyn Waugh

76. "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," Muriel Spark

77. "Finnegans Wake," James Joyce

78. "Kim," Rudyard Kipling

79. "A Room With a View," E. M. Forster

80. "Brideshead Revisited," Evelyn Waugh

81. "The Adventures of Augie March," Saul Bellow

82. "Angle of Repose," Wallace Stegner

83. "A Bend in the River," V. S. Naipaul

84. "The Death of the Heart," Elizabeth Bowen

85. "Lord Jim," Joseph Conrad

86. "Ragtime," E. L. Doctorow

87. "The Old Wives' Tale," Arnold Bennett

88. "The Call of the Wild," Jack London

89. "Loving," Henry Green

90. "Midnight's Children," Salman Rushdie

91. "Tobacco Road," Erskine Caldwell

92. "Ironweed," William Kennedy

93. "The Magus," John Fowles

94. "Wide Sargasso Sea," Jean Rhys

95. "Under the Net," Iris Murdoch

96. "Sophie's Choice," William Styron

97. "The Sheltering Sky," Paul Bowles

98. "The Postman Always Rings Twice," James M. Cain

99. "The Ginger Man," J. P. Donleavy

100. "The Magnificent Ambersons," Booth Tarkington

(Go to The NYT List)

A&E 1000 People of the Millennium (Arts & Entertainment Channel)

This List strikes me as being fair, though one must wonder if the inventor is as important as the invention; and seeing James after Ronald Reason hurts a wee bit. . . .

100 Suleiman I
99 Da Gama, Vasco
98 Armstrong, Louis
97 Salk, Jonas
96 Caruso, Enrico
95 Chaplin, Charlie
94 Patient Zero
93 Roosevelt, Eleanor
92 Nightingale, Florence
91 Spielberg, Steven
90 Daguerre, Louis
89 Anthony, Susan B.
88 Oppenheimer, Robert J.
87 Carson, Rachel
86 Joyce, James
85 Reagan, Ronald
84 Marconi, Guglielmo
83 Peter the Great of Russia
82 Bohr, Neils
81 Mandela, Nelson
80 Elizabeth I
79 Stalin, Joseph
78 Isabella
77 Hobbes, Thomas
76 The Beatles
75 Pincus, Gregory
74 Fermi, Enrico
73 Princess Diana
72 Bolivar, Simon
71 Tubman, Harriet
70 Pope Gregory Vll
69 Harvey, William
68 Franklin, Benjamin
67 Zworykin, Vladimir
66 Griffith, D.W.
65 Heisenberg, Werner
64 Picasso, Pablo
63 Austen, Jane
62 Disney, Walt
61 Faraday, Michael
60 Roosevelt, Franklin D.
59 Kant, Immanuel
58 Joan of Arc
57 Presley, Elvis
56 Stanton, Elizabeth
55 Magellan, Ferdinand
54 Polo, Marco
53 Curie, Marie
52 Churchill, Winston
51 Jenner, Edward
50 Sanger, Margaret
49 Gorbachev, Mikhail
48 Wollstonecraft, Mary
47 Babbage, Charles
46 Machiavelli, Niccolo
45 William the Conquerer
44 Bell, Alexander Graham
43 Zedong, Mao
42 Mendel, Gregor
41 Gates, Bill
40 Wright Brothers
39 Alighieri, Dante
38 Bacon, Francis
37 Voltaire
36 Fleming, Alexander
35 Lenin, Vladimir
34 Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
33 King, Martin Luther Jr.
32 Descartes, Rene
31 Watson & Crick
30 Beethoven, Ludwig Von
29 Ford, Henry
28 Bach, Johann Sebastian
27 Bonaparte, Napolean
26 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
25 Watt, James
24 Aquinas, St. Thomas
23 Lincoln, Abraham
22 Khan, Genghis
21 Washington, George
20 Smith, Adam
19 Michelangelo
18 Locke, John
17 Gandhi, Mahatma
16 Hitler, Adolf
15 Jefferson, Thomas
14 Edison, Thomas
13 Pasteur, Louis
12 Freud, Sigmund
11 Da Vinci, Leonardo
10 Galileo Galilei
9 Copernicus, Nicolaus
8 Einstein, Albert
7 Marx, Karl
6 Columbus, Christopher
5 Shakespeare, William
4 Darwin, Charles
3 Luther, Martin
2 Newton, Isaac
1 Gutenberg, Johann

Writer's Digest Top 100 Writers of the Century

A pretty skewed bunch, and obviously politically motivated. I mean Willa Cather, Eudora Welty, and James Baldwin get in the Top Ten, but James Joyce does not??? And E.B. White? Especially given that the criteria was billed as: the "influence on the writing world, the quality of the work and the degree of originality or experimentation." And what's with all those Americans? Hogwash.

1. John Steinbeck
http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/steinbec/srchome.html
http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/Steinbeck/index.html
2. Ernest Hemingway
http://www.lostgeneration.com/hrc.htm
http://www.hemingway.org
http://www.timelesshemingway.com/
3. William Faulkner
http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/faulkner.html
http://www.utep.edu/mortimer/faulkner/mainfaulkner.htm
http://www.wordsandmusic.org/
4. Eugene O'Neill
http://www.eoneill.com/
http://www.kc.net/~bryanc/oneill.htm
http://www.lucidcafe.com/lucidcafe/library/95oct/egoneill.html
5. T.S. Eliot
http://web.missouri.edu/~tselist/tse.html
http://www.island-of-freedom.com/ELIOT.HTM
6. Willa Cather
http://www.greatwomen.org/cather.htm
http://www.kutztown.edu/faculty/reagan/cather.html
http://icg.harvard.edu/~cather/
7. Robert Frost
http://www.libarts.sfasu.edu/Frost/Frost.html
http://redfrog.norconnect.no/~poems/contact.html
8. James Baldwin
http://www.bridgesweb.com/baldwin.html
9. Eudora Welty
http://members.xoom.com/eudorawelty/welty.html
http://www.gsu.edu/~wwwewn/
10. E.B. White
http://www.tiac.net/users/winlib/ebwhite.htm
http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/ebwhite.htm

Rest of the Best:

Edward Albee
http://tqd.advanced.org/2847/authors/albee.htm
http://educeth.ethz.ch/english/readinglist/albee,edward.html
Isabel Allende
http://www.isabelallende.com/home.htm
http://www.mojones.com/MOTHER_JONES/SO94/allende.html
Maya Angelou
http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu./~mmaynard/Maya/maya5.html
http://www.greatwomen.org/angl.htm
http://members.aol.com/bonvibre/mangelou.html
http://web.reed.edu/academic/departments/english/courses/english213/African_American_.html Isaac Asimov
http://www.clark.net/pub/edseiler/WWW/asimov_home_page.html
http://www.angelfire.com/wy/year2001/index.html
Margaret Atwood
http://www.randomhouse.com/
http://www.cariboo.bc.ca/ae/engml/FRIEDMAN/atwood.htm
W.H. Auden
http://www.poets.org/lit/poet/whaudfst.htm
http://www.audensociety.org
http://www.lit.kobe-u.ac.jp/~hishika/auden.htm
Saul Bellow
http://www.almaz.com/nobel/literature/1976a.html
http://www.emanuelnyc.org/bulletin/archive/36.html
Judy Blume
http://www.kidsreads.com
http://homearts.com/depts/family/a8blum11.htm
Jorge Luis Borges
http://www.libyrinth.com/borges
http://www.hum.au.dk/romansk/borges/english.htm
Ray Bradbury
http://www.brookingsbook.com/bradbury/bradbury.htm
http://www.netspace.org/herald/issues/032495/bradnote.f.html
Charles Bukowski
http://members.aol.com/sbaker1357/
http://realbeer.com/buk/
Edgar Rice Burroughs
http://www.fortunecity.com/tattooine/leguin/93/index.html
Octavia E. Butler
http://hubcap.clemson.edu/~sparks/Octav2.html
Albert Camus
http://www.nobel.se/laureates/literature-1957.html
http://aj.encyclopedia.com/articles/02222.html
http://www.duke.edu/~thp2/camus/index.html
Truman Capote
http://people.goplay.com/fz750/index.htm
http://homepages.infoseek.com/~sarazeno/capote.html
Raymond Carver
http://people.whitman.edu/~lucetb/carver/
http://world.std.com/~ptc/
Raymond Chandler
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/3224/
http://members.aol.com/chandlerla/index.htm
John Cheever
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA95/dyer/contents.html
http://www.elk-horn.k12.ia.us/cheever.htm
Agatha Christie
http://www.dalton.org/students/bkyaffe/wwwac/achome.html
http://www.mysterynet.com/history/christie/
Winston Churchill
http://gi.grolier.com/wwii/wwii_churchill.html
Arthur C. Clarke
http://www.lsi.usp.br/~rbianchi/clarke/
http://www.acclarke.co.uk/
Joseph Conrad
http://members.tripod.com/~JTKNK/index.htm
http://www.pmpc.napier.ac.uk/scob/conrad/conrad.html
Roald Dahl
http://www.roalddahl.com/
http://www.roalddahl.org
Arthur Conan Doyle
http://members.aol.com/mjr91/index2.html
http://www3.nf.sympatico.ca/dave.pack/index.html
Ralph Ellison
http://www.english.upenn.edu/~afilreis/50s/ellison-main.html
F.Scott Fitzgerald
http://www.pbs.org/kteh/amstorytellers/
http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/mayday/index.html
http://www.sc.edu/fitzgerald/index.html
E.M. Forster
http://world.std.com/~albright/For.html
http://www.10digital.com/JYW/Forster/
Theodor (Dr. Seuss) Geisel
http://www.randomhouse.com/seussville/
http://starbellie.com
Allen Ginsberg
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Cafe/1281/
http://www.ginzy.com/
William Golding
http://www.gerenser.com/lotf/
Graham Greene
http://www.umsl.edu/~s1006642/greene/
http://members.tripod.com/~greeneland/
John Grisham
http://www.privat.katedral.se/~nv96gabr/h-inf.htm
http://www.randomhouse.com/features/grisham/home.html
Alex Haley
http://www.public.asu.edu/~metro/aflit/haley/
Robert A. Heinlein
http://www.wegrokit.com/
Hermann Hesse
http://www.mcl.ucsb.edu/hesse/
Langston Hughes
http://langstonhughes.8m.com/
Zora Neale Hurston
http://pages.prodigy.com/zora/
http://www.cwrl.utexas.edu/~gsiesing/316/collaborative/hurston/
Aldous Huxley
http://www.primenet.com/~matthew/huxley/
John Irving
http://www.corpus-delicti.com/barb/Keeppassing.html
http://hometown.aol.com/forestben/irving.htm
James Joyce
http://www.joycean.com/
http://www.cohums.ohio-state.edu/english/organizations/ijjf/
http://www.ozemail.com.au/~caveman/Joyce/mailme.html
http://www.libyrinth.com/joyce/
http://www.2street.com/joyce/
http://www.jamesjoyce.ie/
Jack Kerouac
http://www.geocities.com/~terrylyoung/
http://members.aol.com/kerouaczin/dharmabeat.html
Stephen King
http://www.utopianweb.com/king/
http://www.stephenking.com/
http://spinejar.webjump.com/
Barbara Kingsolver
http://www.kingsolver.com
Milan Kundera
http://www.mm.is/Kundera/kunderen.htm
http://www.georgetown.edu/irvinemj/english016/kundera/kundera.html
D.H. Lawrence
http://www.sirius.com/~vance/lawrence/top.html
Ursula K. Le Guin
http://www.wenet.net/~lquilter/femsf/authors/leguin/
Harper Lee
http://educeth.ethz.ch/english/readinglist/lee,harper.html
C.S. Lewis
http://cslewis.drzeus.net/
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/1409/
Sinclair Lewis
http://www.ilstu.edu/~separry/lewis.html
Jack London
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/London/Organizations/jl_society.html
http://www.parks.sonoma.net/JLStory.html
Norman Mailer
http://www.iol.ie/~kic/
Bernard Malamud
http://www2.dokkyo.ac.jp/~esemi006/malamud/
Thomas Mann
http://www.ciw.uni-karlsruhe.de/tmg/tmpage.html
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
http://www.unm.edu/~kfinstad/marquez.html
http://www.libyrinth.com/gabo/
W. Somerset Maugham
http://www.sbu.ac.uk/stafflag/wsmaugham.html
John McPhee
http://www.johnmcphee.com/johnmcphee.htm
James Michener
http://www.jamesmichener.com
Arthur Miller
http://www.levity.com/corduroy/millera.htm
Toni Morrison
http://www.viconet.com/~ejb/intro.htm
Vladimir Nabokov
http://www.libraries.psu.edu/iasweb/nabokov/zembla.htm
http://members.tripod.com/~pigbodine/waxwing/nabokov.html
Pablo Neruda
http://www.uchile.cl/actividades_culturales/premios_nobel/neruda/Vida_Nerudaing.html
Anais Nin
http://ilabws.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/~beckmann/nin.html
http://www.anaisnin.com
Flannery O'Connor
http://library.gac.peachnet.edu/~sc/foc.html
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/3966/
George Orwell
http://www.resort.com/~prime8/Orwell/
Dorothy Parker
http://www.bway.net/~kfitz/parker.htm
http://www.xantippe.com/dorothy/
Sylvia Plath
http://www.geocities.com/~emily777/PlathLinks.html
Marcel Proust
http://www.library.uiuc.edu/kolbp/
Ernie Pyle
http://tlc.ai.org/pyleindx.htm
Thomas Pynchon
http://pynchonfiles.com/
http://www.hyperarts.com/pynchon/
Ayn Rand
http://www.aynrand.org
Tom Robbins
http://www.rain.org/~da5e/tom_robbins.html
J.D. Salinger
http://killdevilhill.com/salingerchat/wwwboard.html
http://slf.gweep.net/~sfoskett/jds/index.html
Rod Serling
http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~mjb18/serling.html
Shel Silverstein
http://195.114.233.19/Silverstein/SHELDONE.htm
http://members.tripod.com/ShelSilverstein/
Upton Sinclair
http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/sinclair4.html
Danielle Steel
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Academy/9344/ds2.html
William Styron
Amy Tan
http://www.luminarium.org/contemporary/amytan/
Hunter S. Thompson
http://www.tekknowledge.com/gonzo/
J.R.R. Tolkien
http://www.csclub.uwaterloo.ca/u/relipper/tolkien/rootpage.html
John Updike
http://www.users.fast.net/~joyerkes/
Kurt Vonnegut
http://www.duke.edu/~crh4/kv/
http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/4953/vonn.html
Alice Walker
http://www.luminarium.org/contemporary/alicew/
Edith Wharton
http://history.hanover.edu/20th/wharton.htm
Laura Ingalls Wilder
http://www.pinc.com/~jenslegg/
http://www.liwms.com/
Tennessee Williams
Tom Wolfe
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Lobby/2927/tomwolfe/tomwolfe.htm
Virginia Woolf
http://www.utoronto.ca/IVWS/
http://orlando.jp.org/VWW/links.html
Herman Wouk
W.B. Yeats
http://www.tally.demon.co.uk/sarah/
http://www.itsligo.ie/yeats/yeats.html

(Go to Writers Digest Web Site)

Back to News